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[Change] Ubuntu 10.04 set

Transfer from: ****distrolist**/ubuntu-lucid-lynx-10-04-post-installation-guide

Code-named Lucid Lynx of Ubuntu has officially released 10.04! Canonical and Ubuntu developers once again completed a perfect Ubuntu 's improvements. Relative to Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala, the new version of boot loading speed faster, more powerful social integration, you can easily manage and edit your pictures, video and documents. Of course, also had a lot of bug fixes and software updates. If you have not started trial, then quickly download and install, or upgrade from Ubuntu 9.10 before it, well, let us begin.

1. Limited additional


Ubuntu Restricted Extras will install the Adobe Flash Player, Java Runtime Environment (JRE) (sun-java-jre) of the Firefox plug-in (icedtea), Microsoft fonts (msttcorefonts), multimedia codecs (w32codecs or w64codecs), compatible with the mp3 encoding (lame), FFMpeg, additional Gstreamer decoder for DVD encoding package (libdvdread4, please view the libdvdcss2 related information), unrar file management, odbc and cabextract. It will also install more "stripped" of the decoder and avutils (libavcodec-unstripped-52 and libavutil-unstripped-49). By the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

Note: It is only through a command line terminal, in order to be accurate and complete installation. Using the Package Manager, it is usually not complete installation.

2. Multimedia

Audio and video playback


Play video (XVid, DivX, etc.) or audio (MP3) files, very simple. Just double-click the file you want to play and allow Totem automatically download the required codec. In fact, can themselves install a decoder that contains all the required packages, see the aforementioned Ubuntu Restricted Extras.

DVD playback


Want to play encrypted DVD's, you must install libdvdcss2. In Ubuntu 10.04 in the need to manually configure the Medibuntu repository. If you have previously installed the Ubuntu Restricted Extras, I can skip the following command. Otherwise, open the terminal and type:

sudo apt-get install libdvdread4

Then enter:

sudo / usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh

MPlayer / SMPlayer


I personally prefer to use MPlayer and SMPlayer (mplayer's GUI) for video playback. It supports almost all video formats, external subtitles and DVD playback, you need to install the decoder shown before. Enter the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install mplayer smplayer

It can be found here: Applications -> Video & Sound -> SMPlayer

VLC


Many users prefer the Video Lan Client (VLC) as their media player. VLC no additional decoder that supports many formats. Enter the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse

K9copy


K9copy is a free open-source DVD backup, copy, compression, authentication process, which depends on libdvdcss. With this software, you can easily create MPEG-2, MPEG-4 or DVD video. Enter the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install k9copy

For more information please visit: How to Backup your DVDs (in DVD, xvid, MPEG-4, x264 Formats) using k9copy

DVD:: Rip


DVD:: Rip is a DVD backup / copy the program, use the perl based GTK prepared using transcode video / audio processing conversion tool. Enter the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install dvdrip

For more information please visit: How to RIP a DVD to DivX/XviD/H264 using DVD:: Rip

2ManDVD


2ManDVD is a GUI for creating DVD video tools. It is ManDVD successor. More installation and use of information, please visit: How to author a DVD using 2ManDVD in Linux .

DeVeDe


DeVeDe is a use MPlayer to support all the video source file created for the home player (VCD, sVCD, VCD) to DVD and CD software. More installation and use of information, please visit: How to Create a Custom DVD using DeVeDe

3. Java

Sun Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and the Firefox Java plug-in


Close Firefox, open a terminal and type:

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin

Sun Java Development Kit (JDK)


If you want to use the Java language development program, applet and components, it would need to install JDK.

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk

4. Google Earth


You can view the Google Earth satellite images, maps, terrain, 3D buildings, canyon from the outer space galaxy to the ocean, you can visit every corner of the earth. You can explore rich geographical content, save your place to visit and share with others. Enter the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install googleearth-package
make-googleearth-package - force
sudo dpkg-i googleearth *. deb

Installation can be found here Google Earth: Applications> Internet> Google Earth

5. Google Chromium


Chromium is Google's open source browser, very fast. You should try. You'll need to add the GPG key:

sudo apt-key adv - recv-keys - keyserver keyserver.ubuntu** 4E5E17B5

Next, you need to add the following chromium-daily source to third-party software library list. System -> Administration -> Software Sources, select the Other Software tab, click ADD.

deb **ppa.launchpad**/chromium-daily/ppa/ubuntu lucid main
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install chromium-browser

Then you can find it: Applications> Internet> Chromium Web Browser.

6. Visual Effects

Compiz Fusion


Compiz Fusion allows you to use advanced desktop effects, such as rotating cube desktop.

sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-fusion-plugins-main \
compiz-fusion-plugins-extra emerald librsvg2-common fusion-icon

Here you will see a blue icon: Applications -> System Tools -> Compiz Fusion Icon. It can be configured through the Compiz-Fusion.

Conky


Conky is a lightweight X system monitor, it can display any information on the desktop.

sudo apt-get install conky

Screenlets


Screenlets is a desktop applet. Very useful in many ways. Enter the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install screenlets

Here Open: Applications -> Accessories -> Screenlets, select you want to start / add the screenlet (you can choose to run automatically when you log)

You can gnnome-look** and screenlets** download additional screenlets.

Cairo Dock


Cairo Dock is a Linux desktop can be used for any fully themed animated dock. It is like the OSX dock, but with more options.

sudo apt-get install cairo-dock cairo-dock-plug-ins

You can find it: Applications -> Accessories -> Cairo Dock

Gnome Do


GNOME Do (Do) is an intelligent start the tool, it can be simple and efficient in your computer to perform common tasks. Not only can search your desktop environment (eg: procedures, contacts, bookmarks, files, music), but also in search results the specified action (for example: run, open, email, chat, play).

sudo apt-get install gnome-do

You can find it: Applications> Accessories> Cairo Dock

Window button order


Many users complain that the new minimization - Maximize - Close Window button, that is not good enough. Mwbuttons is a script, you can easily it will button from left to right. Enter the following command to install:

wget **launchpad**/mwbuttons/trunk/v0.2/+download/mwbuttons
chmod + x mwbuttons
. / Mwbuttons

Select Settings> Karmic style you can modify the button to the right.

7. Internet

IRC


XChat is a Linux can be used both in the IRC chat software for Windows. With it, you can also join multiple IRC channels (chat rooms), a public statement, one to one exchange alone. Even for file transfers.

sudo apt-get install xchat

You can find it: Applications -> Internet -> XChat IRC

Ubuntu 9.10 to use empathy as the default IM (Instant Messaging) client. Here are some other instant messaging software:

Pidgin


Pidgin is an open source IM program. Before it is Ubuntu (Gnome) desktop, the default IM.

sudo apt-get install pidgin

aMSN


aMSN is a MSN Messenger tools, features, and is very similar to the native client. Enter the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install amsn

You can find it: Applications -> Internet -> aMSN

Emesene


Emesene is a MSN messenger client. It is a simplified interface, with the primary client is very similar. Enter the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install emesene

You can find it: Applications -> Internet -> Emesene

Skype


Skype is a VOIP and video conferencing integration of special procedures, like Ekiga. Install Skype in Ubuntu 10.04 just click the Ubuntu 8.10 + 32bit version of Ubuntu 8.10 + 64bit version or can be. Download Skype .

8. BT client


Transmission is the Ubuntu 9.10 default BitTorrent client. Here some other client, so if you want to try.

Deluge


Deluge is a lightweight cross-platform BitTorrent client for free.

sudo apt-get install deluge

You can find it: Applications -> Internet -> Deluge BitTorrent client

Vuze


Azureus Vuze is the follow-up version. Enter the following command to install:

sudo apt-get install vuze

You can find it: Applications -> Internet -> Vuze

9. NTFS write support


Ubuntu has a graphical configuration tool can be opened to read and write NTFS partition. Both Windows / Linux multi-boot system or from additional hard disk. Enter the following command and install:

sudo apt-get install ntfs-config

You can find it: System -> Administration -> NTFS Configuration Tool.
NTFS-Config will automatically detect your NTFS partition, then you can open them to read and write support. They will be mounted in / media.
标签: java runtime environment, double click, software updates, bug fixes, codec, adobe flash player, odbc, video playback, audio mp3, loading speed, sun java jre, line terminal, koala, lynx, karmic, canonical, social integration, mp3 encoding, microsoft fonts, multimedia codecs
分类: OS
时间: 2010-08-29

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