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Oracle log analysis tools - LogMiner Detailed

LogMiner ---- Oracle 8i provided after the self through the form of SQL commands to query and resolve redo (redo) and undo (remove) log tool.

1. Install LogMiner
Oracle LogMiner is a log analysis tool that comes with the installation as long as you can run the sql script.

First, run the following two scripts so that the two are SYS user script must be run.
The first script used to create DBMS_LOGMNR package, the package used to analyze log files.
The second script is used to create DBMS_LOGMNR_D package, the package used to create data dictionary files.

Two files:
1 $ ORACLE_HOME / rdbms / admin / dbmslm.sql
2. $ ORACLE_HOME / rdbms / admin / dbmslmd.sql.

Operation command:
SQL> @ d: \ oracle \ product \ 10.2.0 \ db_2 \ RDBMS \ ADMIN \ dbmslm.sql
Package has been created.
Grant succeeded.

SQL> @ d: \ oracle \ product \ 10.2.0 \ db_2 \ RDBMS \ ADMIN \ dbmslmd.sql
Package has been created.

2. Create Data Dictionary (data-dictionary)
Data dictionary is used to parse the hexadecimal log of data items (such as the log of the sql statement in the column name).

3 optional way to create access for the LogMiner data dictionary.
1) Direct access to the database in the online data dictionary.
This simple, convenient, but because the data dictionary is the current date, the log may not match the information in the past.
Usage: When starting logMiner analysis, the use of DICT_FROM_ONLINE_CATALOG option. As follows:
SQL> EXECUTE dbms_logmnr.start_logmnr (options => dbms_logmnr.DICT_FROM_ONLINE_CATALOG);
Log preferably sys sysdba execute the command.

2) export the data dictionary to a file.
This approach is a point in time the data dictionary export documents; in logMiner start time of analysis (see Step) by options parameter specifies the file name and path to resolve logs.
If we have to analyze the database tables have changed, affecting the library's data dictionary also changed, then they need to re-create the dictionary file. In addition, the analysis of another database redo log file, it must be analyzed again to re-generate the database data dictionary file.
Usage:
a. First, adjust the spfile parameter;
b. then create a data dictionary file;
SQL> EXECUTE dbms_logmnr_d.build (dictionary_filename => 'logmn_ora817.dat', dictionary_location => 'D: Oraclelogs');
# Note, dictionary_location UTL_FILE_DIR parameters must be referred to the same directory.
c.

3) export the data to a log file in the dictionary.
To extract database dictionary information to the redo log files, databases must be in ARCHIVELOG mode.
Export, use STORE_IN_REDO_LOGS option. For example:
SQL> EXECUTE DBMS_LOGMNR_D.BUILD (
SQLPLUS> options => DBMS_LOGMNR_D.STORE_IN_REDO_LOGS);

3, to create a list of log files to analyze
Oracle's redo log is divided into two types, on-line (online) and offline (offline) archive log file;
This paper analyzes the archive logs, online journals, like the principle.

A. Create a list of logs to be analyzed
SQL> execute dbms_logmnr.add_logfile (options => dbms_logmnr.new, logfilename => 'D: \ oracle \ product \ 10.2.0 \ oradata \ oracle9i \ REDO01.LOG');
B. add additional log files to the list
SQL> execute dbms_logmnr.add_logfile (options => dbms_logmnr.addfile, logfilename => 'D: \ oracle \ product \ 10.2.0 \ oradata \ oracle9i \ REDO02.LOG');
Continue to add. . .
SQL> execute dbms_logmnr.add_logfile (options => dbms_logmnr.addfile, logfilename => 'D: \ oracle \ product \ 10.2.0 \ oradata \ oracle9i \ REDO03.LOG');
Can also delete
SQL> execute dbms_logmnr.add_logfile (options => dbms_logmnr.removefile, logfilename => 'D: \ oracle \ product \ 10.2.0 \ oradata \ oracle9i \ REDO03.LOG');

Need to analyze the number of log files determined entirely by the user, the proposal should add only a need to analyze the log file, after the analysis of the file, and then add another file.
标签: logs, column name, oracle, oracle home, sql statement, database tables, oracle product, direct access, dict, point in time, data dictionary, sql commands, current date, sql script, log analysis tools, dictionary data, export documents, log analysis tool, dicti, catalog option
分类: Database
时间: 2010-12-22

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